3000 level courses

Third Year Courses are all Program courses, generally taken at third year and above.  They use the same numbering convention as in Second Year Courses.  The Program Courses are further numbered by sub-discipline, but the distinctions are not critical to program planning.

  • 30xx : Field Courses
  • 32xx : Technical courses (e.g. Statistics, Geographic Information Systems, Research Methods)
  • 33xx : Physical/Environmental courses
  • 34xx : Human/Urban Geography
  • 39xx : Selected Topics Courses that are used for one-off offerings, or to allow immediate offering of a course going through review.

3000Y Field Methods and Practices

Departmental field trips to develop student skills in field-based observation, data collection and recording, and analysis and interpretation of human and physical landscapes.

Antirequisite(s): Geography 3001F/G.

Prerequisite(s): 3rd year status in any module in the Department of Geography except the minor; limited enrolment. Priority given to Specialization and Honors Specialization students.

Extra Information: Sessions and dates by arrangements. Students should be prepared to meet the necessary travel and living expenses. 0.5 course.

Specifics about this course

3210A Geocomputation

An introduction to multivariate statistics and data analysis using computational methods; reproducibility in data analysis, data presentation, exploratory data analysis, and data mining for Geography.

Antirequisite(s): All other senior level statistics courses numbered 2000 or above.

Prerequisite(s): Geography 2210A/B or Biology 2244A/B or Statistical Sciences 2244A/B and enrolment in a geography program or permission from the instructor.

Extra Information: 2 lecture hours, 2 laboratory hours, 0.5 course.

3211B Spatial Statistics

Topics include exploratory spatial data analysis, global and local spatial statistics, spatial autocorrelation and interpolation, spatial regression models, and geographically weighted regression. The emphasis will be on developing analytical skills with practical applications using statistical software and Geographic Information Systems.

Prerequisite(s): Third or fourth year status at the University including Geography 2210A/B or equivalent and Geography 2220A/B or permission of the instructor.

Extra Information: 2 lecture hours, 2 lab hours, 0.5 course (main campus) Limited enrollment

3222A Geographic Information Science II

Methods and techniques in Geographic Information Science. Spatial data encoding from maps and geographic database implementation. Spatial interpolation and other modeling techniques. Integration of remote sensing, GIS and Visualization. Hands-on experience using ESRI, ArcGIS software.

Prerequisite(s): Geography 2210A/B and 2220A/B.

Extra Information: 2 lecture hours, 2 laboratory hours, 0.5 course.

3224B Spatial Ecology & GIS

GIS methods for analyzing environmental and ecological data. Emphasis is placed on quantifying and interpreting spatial patterns in data collected on plants and wildlife. The course will explore issues associated with scale, networks, disturbance, and feedback. Topics covered include habitat fragmentation, protected areas, wildlife tracking, home ranges, and species distributions.

Prerequisite(s): Geography 2210A/B or Biology 2244A/B or Statistical Sciences 2244A/B.

Extra Information: 2 lecture hours, 2 laboratory hours, 0.5 course.

  • Course Outline

3250A Social Science Research Methods in Geography

A survey of a range of social scientific methods for studying humans (e.g., interviews, questionnaires); with an emphasis on research designs involving human interaction. Topics include identifying research problems, questions and designs, sources of error, ethics and values in research, methods of data collection, data analysis and presentation of findings.

Antirequisite(s): The former Geography 2250A/B (the former 237a/b).

Prerequisite(s): Two full courses in Geography and third or fourth year status at the University.

Extra Information: 2 lecture hours, 2 laboratory hours, 0.5 course.

3343A River Ecosystems

This course introduces students to riverine ecosystems. General principles of the physical, chemical and biological patterns and processes of river systems are presented in a landscape context. The course emphasizes human driven landscape changes in the health and sustainability of river systems and teaches techniques for river monitoring and assessment.

Prerequisite(s): One of Geography 2310A/B, 2320A/B, 2330A/B, Biology 2483A/B, Biology 2485A/B, Earth Sciences 2230A/B.

Extra Information: 2 lecture hours, 1 laboratory hour, 0.5 course.

3350B Environmental Change

The evidence, causes, and chronology of environmental change, with emphasis on the Holocene in North America.

Prerequisite(s): One of Geography 2310A/B, 2320A/B or 2330A/B, or 3rd year standing in an Environmental Science or Earth Sciences program.

Extra Information: 2 lecture hours, 2 laboratory hours, 0.5 course.

3352A Paleolimnology and Global Environmental Change

This course provides students with an introduction to paleolimnology, which uses the physical, chemical and biological characteristics of lake sediments to determine past environments.

Prerequisite(s):One of Geography 2310A/B, 2320A/B or 2330A/B, or at least 3rd year standing in an Environmental Science or Earth Sciences program, or Biology 2483A/B, Biology 2485A/B, the former Biology 2484A/B.

Extra Information: 2 lecture hours, 2 laboratory hours, 0.5 course.

3411A Cultural Geography

An examination of contemporary theories in cultural geography - ideology, identity, power, and space - and their application to contemporary issues such as class, consumption, gender, media, and racism. Emphasis is placed upon understanding and critiquing the social and political processes giving rise to cultural practices in their spatial contexts.

Prerequisite(s): Third or fourth year status at the University. Two full courses in Geography or equivalent, or enrolment in the Minor in Environment and Culture, in any of the Global Development Studies modules, or permission of the instructor.

Extra Information: 2 lecture hours, 2 tutorial hours, 0.5 course.

3414B Digital Technology, Society, and the Environment

This course engages with digital technologies as social and spatial phenomena. Through an exploration of themes including the cloud, internet infrastructures, smart cities, digital platforms, and the gig/sharing economy, the course identifies the environmental and social implications of pervasive digitality while critically navigating through utopian versus dystopian discourses of technology.

Prerequisite(s): Third or fourth year status at the University.

Extra Information: 3 lecture hours, 0.5 course.

  • Course Outline

3421A Location Theory and Analysis

An examination of public and private facility location theory. Industrial location, retailing and public facility location approaches are discussed. GIS-based techniques for location analysis are applied in practical sessions

Prerequisite(s): Geography 2220A/B or 2420A/B or permission of the instructor.

Extra Information: 2 lecture hours, 2 practical work hours, 0.5 course.

3431B Geography of Health and Health Care

A critical examination of the major themes in the geography of health and health care. The focus will be on the importance of understanding place, space and environment as they relate to health. Geographical aspects of health inequalities, access and utilization will be explored.

Prerequisite(s): Geography 2430A/B or a related 2000-level course in Health Sciences, Sociology or Psychology, or permission of the instructor.

Extra Information: 3 lecture hours, 0.5 course.

3432B Environmental Hazards and Human Health

This is a survey course regarding the links between human health and environmental hazard exposure. Issues will include the health impacts of water pollution, air pollution, solid and hazardous waste, toxic substances, pesticides and radiation. The limitations of models and methods are discussed.

Prerequisite(s):

Extra Information: 2 lecture hours, 1 tutorial hour, 0.5 course.

3441G Conservation and Development

Examines struggles between conservation and economic development in a North-South context, setting the transformation of natural ecosystems and impoverishment of biodiversity in a political economic context that includes disparities in wealth, consumption, and 'ecological footprints'.

Prerequisite(s): Third or fourth year status at the University. Two full courses in Geography or equivalent, or enrolment in the Minor in Environment and Culture, in any of the Global Development Studies modules, or permission of the instructor.

Extra Information: 3 lecture hours, 0.5 course.

3443G Energy and Power

This course investigates the political ecology of energy. Issues of politics and power, social equity, and environmental impact are examined through Canadian and international case studies. The concept of ‘energy justice’ is used both to critically assess current patterns of energy production and use and to explore more sustainable possibilities.

Prerequisite(s): Third or fourth year status at the University.

Extra Information: 3 lecture hours, 0.5 course.

3445F Global Agriculture and Food Systems

Food is a basic human need and agriculture is one of the most fundamental ways that societies interact with their habitats. This course examines the diversity of world agriculture and the rise of a dominant industrial system, focusing on both the social and environmental dimensions of agrarian change.

Prerequisite(s): Third or fourth year status at the Universiy.

Extra Information: 3 lecture hours, 0.5 course.

3461F Land Use and Development Issues

Critical examination of current land use and development projects; students are required actively to participate in the discussions.

Prerequisite(s): Third or fourth year status at the University.

Extra Information: 3 seminar hours, 0.5 course.

3462G Land Use Planning

Basic techniques for preparing, implementing, and applying land use plans and zoning controls.

Prerequisite(s): Third or fourth year status at the University.

Extra Information: 3 seminar hours, 0.5 course.

3463G Housing

This course explores the geography of housing in North American cities from an historical perspective, with a detailed investigation of the effects of land development, construction, financing, planning, public policy, demographics and lifestyle changes on the production and consumption of residential landscapes.

Prerequisite(s): Third or fourth year status at the University.

Extra Information: 2 lecture hours, 2 tutorial hour, 0.5 course.

3464F Financial Feasibility of Urban Developments

The object of the course is to expose students to the theoretical and empirical underpinnings of urban form and structure. A major focus is on static development feasibility models and their application to understanding urban change. The course provides a hands-on experience for students to build financial feasibility models of urban developments.

Antirequisite(s): he former Geography 377F/G, 378F/G, and 3460E.

Prerequisite(s): Geography 2460F/G. Business Administration 2257 is strongly recommended.

Extra Information: 2 lecture hours, 1 tutorial hours, 0.5 course.

3465F Urban Economic Development and Policy

This course examines policies used in economic development to ensure growth and competitiveness of urban economies. Topics include theories of urban economic development, analytical techniques for evaluating urban economies, business recruitment and retention policies, creative economy and quality of life policies, technology policies, and place-based economic development policies.

Prerequisite(s): Third or fourth year status; At least one of Geography 1400F/G, 2210A/B, 2220A/B, 2420A/B or 2460F/G.

Extra Information: 2 lecture hours, 1 tutorial hour, 0.5 course.

3901B Selected Topics in Geography

Consult the Department of Geography for details of course offering.

Prerequisite(s): Two full courses or equivalent in Geography. Third or fourth year status at the University.

Extra Information: 3 hours, 0.5 course.

3902A Selected Topics in Geography

Consult the Department of Geography for details of course offering.

Prerequisite(s):Two full courses or equivalent in Geography. Third or fourth year status at the University.

Extra Information: 3 hours, 0.5 course.